Fact of the Day
In 1956 John Wayne starred as Genghis Khan in The Conqueror. It was filmed in Utah, downwind of the US government's nuclear tests in Nevada, and about half the cast and crew developed cancer as a result.
Quote of the Day
"The English piously believe themselves to be a peaceful people; nobody else is of the same belief. "
On This Day
869 King Edmund the Martyr was tied to a tree, shot with arrows and beheaded by Vikings under Ivar the Boneless and Ubba
1759 The British repelled a French naval invasion during the Battle of Quiberon Bay
1917 The Battle of Cambrai, which marked the first effective large-scale use of tanks in the First World War, began on the Western Front.
1945 The Nuremberg Trials of twenty-four Nazis began. Twelve were sentenced to death, seven to prison, three were acquitted, one was unable to stand, and one committed suicide.
1975 General Francisco Franco, dictator of Spain since 1939, officially died, aged eighty-two (some said he had died the preceding day). His death, and the Pact of Forgetting that followed it, led to the arrival of democracy in Spain.