1968 was the only year during the 20th century when no member of the British armed services was killed on active service.
Fact of the Day
Quote of the Day
"Time is a great teacher, but unfortunately it kills all its students. "
~ Hector Berlioz, composer
On This Day
1066 At the Battle of Fulford, just outside York, Harold Hardrada defeated the English earls Eadwine and Morcar. It prompted Harold Godwinsson to march to their aid, which probably cost him victory at the Battle of Hastings a month later.
1187 Saladin began the Siege of Jerusalem. The city surrendered in October 1187, which shocked Pope Urban III so much that he allegedly died as a result.
1586 Anthony Babington, one of the leaders of the eponymous Babington Plot to execute Elizabeth I and replace her with the Catholic Mary Queen of Scots, was hanged drawn and quartered with six co-conspirators. Elizabeth was so horrified by the manner of execution that she ordered the remaining conspirators - destined to be executed on the following day - be hanged to death before the disemboweling began.
1643 The Royalists suffered a defeat at the hands of the Parliamentarians, led by the Earl of Essex, at the first Battle of Newbury during the Civil Wars. Although both sides lost similarly small numbers, some historians consider it a turning point in Parliamentarian fortunes, leading to their alliance with the Scottish Covenanters and their eventual victory over Charles I.
1909 The South Africa Act 1909 received British royal assent, creating the Union of South Africa.
1911 White Star Line's RMS Olympic, sister ship to Titanic, collided with HMS Hawke off the Isle of Wight.