England, Arise: The People, the King and the Great Revolt of 1381
Fact of the Day
A penalty for blasphemy recorded in Bronze Age Ugarit (modern-day Syria) was to be forcibly inebriated, thrown off a building, stoned and then crucified.
Quote of the Day
"Grant that we may from henceforth show ourselves neither bastards nor dastards. "
~ Peter Wentworth on the House of Commons' freedom of speech, 1576
On This Day
1687 Isaac Newton published his laws on motion and gravity in his landmark book Principia.
1811 Venezuela became the first South American country to declare its independence from Spain.
1841 The first ever Thomas Cook tour took 500 teetotallers 12 miles by train to a temperance meeting.
1946 The bikini, named after the Bikini Atoll where atomic tests had been carried out just four days earlier, was first introduced to the press. Prototypes had been round since the reign of Diocletian (244-311), but the bikini didn't catch on until the 1960s.
1948 Britain's National Health Service came into operation.
1954 The BBC aired its first daily television news broadcast, despite the fact that the Director General thought that 'News is not at all an easy thing to do on television.'