Was one of Adolf Hitler's military headquarters on the eastern front during World War II.
Fact of the Day
King Edward II faced invasion in 1326, when an army from France landed in Suffolk. The army was commanded by his wife.
Quote of the Day
"A grain, which in England is generally given to horses, but in Scotland supports the people. "
~ Samuel Johnson's dictionary definition for 'oats'
On This Day
1066 Harold defeated Norwegian king Harald Hardrada at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, only to be defeated by William three weeks later.
1237 The Treaty of York between England and Scotland was sealed. It established an agreed boundary between the two countries and affirmed that Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmorland were subject to English sovereignty.
1818 The first successful human blood transfusion took place at St Guy's Hospital when James Blundell used the blood of the patient's husband to treat a postpartum haemorrhage.
1944 The British withdrew the trapped remnants of the 1st Airborne Division from Arnhem, effectively ending Operation Market Garden, the Allied plan to end the Second World War in 1944.
1972 In a two-day referendum, the people of Norway rejected membership of the European Union. They would do the same in 1994.
1983 Thirty-eight republican prisoners escaped from the Maze prison in Northern Ireland. It was the biggest ever British prison escape.
1996 The last Magdalene Asylum for 'fallen women' closed in Ireland. Inmates could suffer horrendous abuse there.