A reactionary movement against the excesses of the initial French revolutions, especially of the Reign of Terror.
Fact of the Day
During the gin craze in the eighteenth century, the ratio of gin shops to houses in London was as high as one to five.
Quote of the Day
"They are well named, for they have the countenance of angels, and as such should be coheirs with the angels in heaven. "
~ Pope Gregory I on the Angles, recorded by Bede
On This Day
1040 Duncan I of Scotland was killed by Macbeth (or Macbeth's men) near Elgin.
1941 The Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt, stating their post-war goals for a new world.
1947 Pakistan achieved independence from Britain.
1967 The Marine Broadcasting Offences Act became law, banning offshore 'pirate' radio stations from broadcasting.
1969 British troops arrived in Northern Ireland in what was planned to be a short-lived, 'limited operation'. They stayed there for the next thirty-eight years.