The unofficial name for the German state between 1919 and 1933.
Fact of the Day
In 1506 the Principal of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, was accused of baptising a cat as part of a conjuring ritual to find buried treasure. He later became Bishop of London and a notorious heretic hunter, and was mockingly known as 'Bloody Bishop Christen-cat'.
Quote of the Day
"Total abstinence is so excellent a thing that it cannot be carried to too great an extent. In my passion for it I even carry it so far as to totally abstain from total abstinence itself.
~ Mark Twain
On This Day
1266The siege of Kenilworth Castle, one of the longest and largest sieges ever to occur in England, ended when the garrison inside the castle surrendered.
1545The first meeting of the Catholic Council of Trent was held in response to the Protestant Reformation.
1577Drake set sail to circumnavigate the globe, again. His first attempt had run into bad weather.
1784Samuel Johnson, giant of the English language, died. Among many other works, he spent just over eight years writing a 40,000-word dictionary.
1916Avalanches killed 10,000 men on World War One's most extreme battlefield in the Dolomites.
1939The first naval battle of World War Two, the Battle of the River Plate, happened
1973Prime Minister Edward Heath announced plans to introduce the Three Day Week in response to the oil crisis and strike action.