A ruler exercising authority in a colony on behalf of a sovereign.
Fact of the Day
The first people to use umbrellas in 18th century Britain were laughed at and called 'mincing Frenchmen'.
Quote of the Day
"I thought he was a young man of promise, but it appears he is a young man of promises "
~ Arthur Balfour on Winston Churchill
On This Day
43 BCE The assassination of Cicero, requested by Marc Antony. When his head was delivered to Anthony, his wife, Fulvia, spat on it and jabbed hairpins into his tongue.
1732 The Theatre Royal, now known as the Covent Garden Opera House, opened with a performance of the Beggar's Opera.
1787 Delaware became the first state of the modern United States.
1817 Rear-Admiral William Bligh died. He had been captain of HMS Bounty during the mutiny.
1941 The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the American naval base a Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, killing 2,403.
1982 Charles Brooks Jr became the first person to be executed by lethal injection, with a huge dose of 'truth serum'