An action or decision performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country, without the agreement of the others.
Fact of the Day
The monks of Abingdon drank so much beer that they were limited to 20 pints a day each.
Quote of the Day
"Grant that we may from henceforth show ourselves neither bastards nor dastards. "
~ Peter Wentworth on the House of Commons' freedom of speech, 1576
On This Day
1483 The proposed date of the coronation of the 12-year-old son of Edward IV, Edward V. The coronation never happened because his uncle, Richard, declared him illegitimate and became king himself.
1611 Navigator Henry Hudson was cast adrift after a mutiny in Hudson Bay. It was the last time he was seen alive.
1861 A huge blaze started on Tooley Street's Cotton Wharf, which was later compared to the Great Fire of London, caused £2 million worth of damage, and killed James Braidwood, superintendent of the London Fire Engine Establishment.
1941 The Nazis launched Operation Barbarossa against the Soviet Union, with the largest invasion force in the history of warfare.