A final, uncompromising demand or set of terms, the rejection of which could lead to a severance of relations or to the use of force.
Fact of the Day
Ciao does not mean 'hello'. It comes from the Venetian dialect and means 'I am your slave'.
Quote of the Day
"The enemy should have to carve his way over heaps of corpses. "
~ General von Below's orders to the German army on the Somme, 1916
On This Day
1914 The Panama Canal opened to commercial traffic.
1941 Josef Jakobs, a Luxembourg-born German spy, became the last person to be executed at the Tower of London, by firing squad.
1945 The Japanese announced their intention to surrender unconditionally in the Second World War. It came into effect on 2 September 1945.
1947 India gained independence from the British Empire.
1969 The first Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.