A final, uncompromising demand or set of terms, the rejection of which could lead to a severance of relations or to the use of force.
Fact of the Day
Alexander the Great's body was preserved in honey.
Quote of the Day
"Truly, when the day of judgement comes, it will not be a question of what we have read, but what we have done. "
~ Thomas à Kempis, 15th century
On This Day
1016 Cnut defeated Edmund Ironside at the Battle of Assandun, forcing Edmund to make a peace with the invading Danes: he got to keep Wessex, but the rest of England came under Danish rule. A month later, he had died of 'natural causes' so Wessex, too, went to Cnut.
1216 King John died of dysentery. He was succeeded by his nine year old son, Henry III.
1867 The US officially took possession of Alaska. It wasn't a popular decision at the time.
1922 The BBC was founded.