A cruel and oppressive ruler unrestrained by law or other people, although the early ancient Greeks used it to refer to anyone with absolute power.
Fact of the Day
During the gin craze in the eighteenth century, the ratio of gin shops to houses in London was as high as one to five.
Quote of the Day
"To ravage, to slaughter, to usurp under false titles, they call empire; and where they make a desert, they call it peace "
On This Day
41 Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus aka Caligula (Little Boots) was assassinated by the Praetorian Guard he bullied.
76 The future Roman Emperor Hadrian was born in Spain. He was considered one of the 'Five Good Emperors'.
1848 James Marshall discovered gold along the banks of Sutter's Creek, sparking the California Gold Rush.
1943 In Casablanca President Roosevelt and Prime Miniter Winston Churchill concluded that only unconditional surrender by the Nazis would end the war.
1965 Winston Churchill died after suffering a severe stroke nine days earlier. He was 90 years old.
1972 Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was discovered hiding in the jungles of Guam, unaware that World War II had ended.