Or Tzar/Czar: the title of monarchs or supreme rulers in certain eastern European countries.
Fact of the Day
Seventeenth-century butchers could be fined for killing bulls without baiting them first. Baiting was thought to improve the quality of the meat.
Quote of the Day
"Democracy means government by discussion, but it is only effective if you can stop people talking. "
~ Clement Attlee
On This Day
1330 Roger Mortimer, de facto ruler of England after he and Edward II's wife Isabella deposed Edward, was hanged at Tyburn for assuming royal power.
1530 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey died of natural causes on his way to face charges of treason.
1781 The crew of the British slave ship Zong massacred 131 captives by throwing them overboard in a bid to claim insurance money after the crew had made a navigational error and missed their destination.
1812 Napoleon's army retreated across the Berezina River in Belarus. Although the army managed to avoid getting trapped, they suffered massive casualties, and the word 'berezina' became French slang for 'disaster.'
1947 The United Nations approved the partition of Palestine to form an independent Jewish state.