Drawn up by convocation in 1563, the Articles listed the fundamental basis of Anglican doctrine. They gave a distinctive middle way between the more extreme Calvinist doctrines and those of the Catholic church, and in 1571 parliament agreed that all clergymen should subscribe to them.
Fact of the Day
In 1623, one kilogram of tobacco was roughly five times more expensive than Shakespeare’s First Folio.
Quote of the Day
"London, that great cesspool into which all the loungers of the Empire are irresistibly drained. "
~ Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
On This Day
41 Claudius was proclaimed Roman Emperor by the Praetorian Guard.
1327 Edward II was deposed by his wife, Isabella, and her lover, Roger Mortimer. They replaced him with his 10 year old son, Edward III, and for three years they ruled through him.
1533 King Henry VIII secretly married the newly-pregnant Anne Boleyn, even though he was still married to Catherine of Aragon.
1554 Thomas Wyatt gathered 4000 men in Kent, starting the Wyatt Rebellion against Queen Mary and her choice of Spanish husband.
1627 Father of modern chemistry, Robert Boyle, was born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland.
1942 Thailand declared war on the United States and Britain following intensive bombing by the Allies.
1945 The German offensive campaign in the Ardennes, which came to be known as the Battle of the Bulge, ended in Allied victory.