Originally a German plan to maintain order in the case of emergencies, it was modified by 20th July Bomb Plotters as part of a planned military coup.
Fact of the Day
When news of the fall of Jerusalem in 1187 reached Pope Urban III, he is said to have died immediately of shock and grief.
Quote of the Day
"I destroy my enemies when I make them my friends. "
~ Abraham Lincoln
On This Day
1913 Suffragette Emily Davison stepped in front of king's horse at Epsom, but didn't expect to be killed - she'd bought a ticket home.
1940 The final day of the Dunkirk evacuation (Operation Dynamo). 338,226 British, French and Belgian soldiers were rescued in total.