The codename for the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. See our article 'Operation Barbarossa: Invading the Soviet Union'.
Fact of the Day
King John used the fat from 40 pigs to blow up the southern wall of Rochester Castle during a siege in 1215
Quote of the Day
"Shoot, you devil! Shoot, in the devil’s name! Shoot, or it will be worse for you! "
~ William II reportedly speaking to the renowned bowman Walter Tirel on a stag hunt, just before Tirel missed and killed the king
On This Day
1915 The German army used chlorine gas in a large-scale attack for the first time during the Second Battle of Ypres. The weapon was developed by the forerunner of IG Farben.
1945 In his Berlin bunker, Adolf Hitler admitted Germany could lose the Second World War and said suicide was his only option.