A Non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union that was agreed in August 1939. The two countries agreed not to attack - or help others to attack - each other. Secretly, they also agreed to a division of Eastern Europe between them.
Fact of the Day
13th century chancellor of Oxford, Thomas de Cantilupe, banned students from carrying arms. At one point he had 20 confiscated bows and swords.
Quote of the Day
"And if I am to estimate the penalty justly, I say that maintenance in the Prytaneum is the just return. "
~ Plato reporting Socrates' suggestion for punishment
On This Day
1829 The Roman Catholic Relief Act received royal assent. It allowed British Catholics to vote, hold public office, and sit in parliament.
1912 The Royal Flying Corps was founded.
1919 British troops slaughter hundreds of unarmed Indian civilians in Amritsar at the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
1970 Late in the evening, an explosion in one of the oxygen tanks after a routine procedure caused crisis and a mission abort for Apollo 13.