Whig politicised tavern clubs and propaganda machines designed to stop Jacobite sentiment on the streets of London.
Fact of the Day
Between April 1669 and the end of 1684, Charles II touched a total of 28,983 people (about 1,800 p.a.) for the King's Evil.
Quote of the Day
"He so beautified the city [Rome] that he justly boasted that he found it brick and left it marble. "
~ Suetonius on Augustus
On This Day
1675 The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London was laid.
1792 The Tuileries royal palace that was home to Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette and defended by the Swiss Guard, was attacked by Parisians and the National Guard. Louis ordered the Swiss to cease fire, which led to the massacre of some 600 of their number. France was declared a republic and Louis was executed five months later.
1793 The Musée du Louvre was officially opened in Paris.
1842 The Mines and Collieries Act was passed, prohibiting women and children under the age of 10 from working underground.
1895 The first ever Proms concert took place at the newly-built Queen's Hall, London. The programme included Wagner, Bizet, and Haydn.
1945 A day after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan announced its intention to surrender, although it refused to contemplate a reduction in the power of the emperor.