From the Greek for 'small stone', it usually refers to the small stone tools made towards the end of the Upper Palaeolithic and during the Mesolithic and Neolithic eras.
Fact of the Day
A penalty for blasphemy recorded in Bronze Age Ugarit (modern-day Syria) was to be forcibly inebriated, thrown off a building, stoned and then crucified.
Quote of the Day
"Pray for me, now my calamity is at hand! "
~ John Stubbs, just before having his hand removed for seditious writing, 1579
On This Day
41 Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus aka Caligula (Little Boots) was assassinated by the Praetorian Guard he bullied.
76 The future Roman Emperor Hadrian was born in Spain. He was considered one of the 'Five Good Emperors'.
1848 James Marshall discovered gold along the banks of Sutter's Creek, sparking the California Gold Rush.
1943 In Casablanca President Roosevelt and Prime Miniter Winston Churchill concluded that only unconditional surrender by the Nazis would end the war.
1965 Winston Churchill died after suffering a severe stroke nine days earlier. He was 90 years old.
1972 Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was discovered hiding in the jungles of Guam, unaware that World War II had ended.