Books, documents, or piece of musics written by hand rather than typed or printed. Later, pieces of work that have not yet been published.
Fact of the Day
In the Middle Ages, land could be held from the monarch in return for a service, such as holding the king's head as he crossed the Channel by boat.
Quote of the Day
"We would often be ashamed of our finest actions if the world could see the motives behind them. "
~ La Rochefoucauld (17th century)
On This Day
1120 The Council of Nablus was held. It established the first written laws for the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1547 Ivan the Terrible was crowned Czar of Russia.
1572 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, was tried for high treason for plotting to replace Elizabeth with Mary, Queen of Scots.
1909 Ernest Shackleton's team discovered the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole.
1919 The US Constitution's 18th Amendment was ratified banning the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors.
1920 The League of Nations held its first meeting in Paris. The primary aims of the League were to promote peace and prevent war.
1945 Hitler descended into his bunker, which would be his home and headquarters until his death on 30th April.
1979 Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the leader of Iran since 1941, was forced to flee following increasing political unrest.
1980 Paul McCartney was arrested for bringing marijuana into Japan and spent 9 days in jail.