Reforms introduced to the mainly Calvinist Church of England by William Laud in the reign of Charles I, which pushed for the rejection of predestination and the belief that all men could achieve salvation.
Fact of the Day
The Plantagenet kings had a habit of exclaiming by God's body parts. Favourite among them were 'God's eyes' and 'God's legs'.
Quote of the Day
"Madam, I have whipped his arse; you may kiss it if you please. "
~ Buchanan, the young James VI of Scotland's tutor, after being upbraided for punishing his charge
On This Day
1040 Duncan I of Scotland was killed by Macbeth (or Macbeth's men) near Elgin.
1941 The Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt, stating their post-war goals for a new world.
1947 Pakistan achieved independence from Britain.
1967 The Marine Broadcasting Offences Act became law, banning offshore 'pirate' radio stations from broadcasting.
1969 British troops arrived in Northern Ireland in what was planned to be a short-lived, 'limited operation'. They stayed there for the next thirty-eight years.