Long weapons with wooden shafts used by horsemen when charging their opponents.
Fact of the Day
A penalty for blasphemy recorded in Bronze Age Ugarit (modern-day Syria) was to be forcibly inebriated, thrown off a building, stoned and then crucified.
Quote of the Day
"Truly, when the day of judgement comes, it will not be a question of what we have read, but what we have done. "
~ Thomas à Kempis, 15th century
On This Day
1040 Duncan I of Scotland was killed by Macbeth (or Macbeth's men) near Elgin.
1941 The Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt, stating their post-war goals for a new world.
1947 Pakistan achieved independence from Britain.
1967 The Marine Broadcasting Offences Act became law, banning offshore 'pirate' radio stations from broadcasting.
1969 British troops arrived in Northern Ireland in what was planned to be a short-lived, 'limited operation'. They stayed there for the next thirty-eight years.