A complex of territories in central Europe, covering at various times modern-day Germany Switzerland, Austria, the Low Countries, and parts of northern Italy and the Czech Republic. It developed during the Early Middle Ages and existed through the Early Modern period.
Holy Roman Empire
Fact of the Day
The average height of the average male in the twelfth century was five-foot-seven.
Quote of the Day
"I remain just one thing, and one thing only - and that is a clown. It places me on a far higher plane than any politician. "
~ Charlie Chaplin
On This Day
1914 The Panama Canal opened to commercial traffic.
1941 Josef Jakobs, a Luxembourg-born German spy, became the last person to be executed at the Tower of London, by firing squad.
1945 The Japanese announced their intention to surrender unconditionally in the Second World War. It came into effect on 2 September 1945.
1947 India gained independence from the British Empire.
1969 The first Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.