A seal used for the authentication of state documents of the highest importance.
Fact of the Day
During Ireland's Great Famine, Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, gave £30 to the hungry but spent £150,000 on home improvements
Quote of the Day
"I fear the Greeks, even those bearing gifts. "
On This Day
43 BCE The assassination of Cicero, requested by Marc Antony. When his head was delivered to Anthony, his wife, Fulvia, spat on it and jabbed hairpins into his tongue.
1732 The Theatre Royal, now known as the Covent Garden Opera House, opened with a performance of the Beggar's Opera.
1787 Delaware became the first state of the modern United States.
1817 Rear-Admiral William Bligh died. He had been captain of HMS Bounty during the mutiny.
1941 The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the American naval base a Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, killing 2,403.
1982 Charles Brooks Jr became the first person to be executed by lethal injection, with a huge dose of 'truth serum'