Literally meaning 'earth divination', where divination (for example of the future) is done through markings on the ground or through the placement of rocks, sand, and soil. It can also be used to describe the careful placing of buildings or other objects to ensure their future success.
Fact of the Day
The average temperature inside a 1916 First World War tank was 51°C.
Quote of the Day
"I haven't failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work. "
~ Thomas Edison
On This Day
1066 Harold defeated Norwegian king Harald Hardrada at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, only to be defeated by William three weeks later.
1237 The Treaty of York between England and Scotland was sealed. It established an agreed boundary between the two countries and affirmed that Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmorland were subject to English sovereignty.
1818 The first successful human blood transfusion took place at St Guy's Hospital when James Blundell used the blood of the patient's husband to treat a postpartum haemorrhage.
1944 The British withdrew the trapped remnants of the 1st Airborne Division from Arnhem, effectively ending Operation Market Garden, the Allied plan to end the Second World War in 1944.
1972 In a two-day referendum, the people of Norway rejected membership of the European Union. They would do the same in 1994.
1983 Thirty-eight republican prisoners escaped from the Maze prison in Northern Ireland. It was the biggest ever British prison escape.
1996 The last Magdalene Asylum for 'fallen women' closed in Ireland. Inmates could suffer horrendous abuse there.