The science of studying the Earth and its past.
Fact of the Day
An 11th century bishop of Séez accidentally burned down his own cathedral during a military operation.
Quote of the Day
"It is better for aged diplomats to be bored than for young men to die. "
~ Warren Robinson Austin, US ambassador to the UN
On This Day
1914 The Panama Canal opened to commercial traffic.
1941 Josef Jakobs, a Luxembourg-born German spy, became the last person to be executed at the Tower of London, by firing squad.
1945 The Japanese announced their intention to surrender unconditionally in the Second World War. It came into effect on 2 September 1945.
1947 India gained independence from the British Empire.
1969 The first Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.