The set of beliefs upheld by a religion or political party.
Fact of the Day
The first people to use umbrellas in 18th century Britain were laughed at and called 'mincing Frenchmen'.
Quote of the Day
"Anybody can make history. Only a great man can write it. "
~ Oscar Wilde
On This Day
899 Alfred the Great, defender against the Vikings, and innocent of burning cakes, died.
1640 The humiliating - for Charles I - Treaty of Ripon was signed. Following the Second Bishops' War with Scottish Covenanters, it left the Scots in control of Newcastle and agreed that Charles would pay the Scottish army £850 a day to maintain the army in England. In this desperate state, Charles was forced to call what would become the Long Parliament, which ultimately led to civil war.
1863 The Football Association was founded in the Freemasons' Tavern, London.
1881 Perhaps the most famous shootout of the American Wild West, the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, took place. A result of a long-simmering feud, four lawmen, including Wyatt Earp and Doc Holiday, faced off against five cowboys in the thirty-second fight. Despite the deaths of three cowboys, the feud continued.
1951 Winston Churchill became Britain's prime minister for the second time (he had lost the 1945 election and spent the intervening six years as leader of the opposition).