The name given to the large parallel lengths of banks with external ditches, which at one time were believed to be Roman athletic courses.
Fact of the Day
13th century chancellor of Oxford, Thomas de Cantilupe, banned students from carrying arms. At one point he had 20 confiscated bows and swords.
Quote of the Day
"You will live to have your bellyful of parliaments. "
~ James I to his son, Charles
On This Day
1265 Simon de Montfort and the rebellious barons were defeated by the future King Edward I at the Battle of Evesham.
1870 The British Red Cross was founded, with the aim to provide impartial help to all those suffering in war and, later, in peacetime.
1914 Britain declared war on Germany, after Germany violated the Treaty of London and invaded Belgium.