A protestant system of belief derived from John Calvin, which centres on justification by faith alone (rather than good works) and predestination (the notion that God has already decided whether someone will be admitted to heaven).
Fact of the Day
When Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa laid siege to the Italian city of Crema, he allegedly let his troops play football with the severed heads of his captives.
Quote of the Day
"We are fighting Germany, Austria, and drink, and so far as I can see the greatest of these deadly foes is drink. "
~ David Lloyd George
On This Day
1265 Simon de Montfort and the rebellious barons were defeated by the future King Edward I at the Battle of Evesham.
1870 The British Red Cross was founded, with the aim to provide impartial help to all those suffering in war and, later, in peacetime.
1914 Britain declared war on Germany, after Germany violated the Treaty of London and invaded Belgium.