The allied powers of Germany, Italy and Japan before and during the Second World War. The term 'Axis' helps differentiate them from the Allied powers (who included Britain and America).
Fact of the Day
In the middle ages to ensure a good batch of beer brewers had it blessed by a priest. Compensation was typically 4 pints.
Quote of the Day
"A man must needs close his eyes and clench his teeth, wry-mouthed and shuddering, and filtering the stuff rather than drinking. "
~ Peter of Blois, 12th century, on English wine
On This Day
1040 Duncan I of Scotland was killed by Macbeth (or Macbeth's men) near Elgin.
1941 The Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt, stating their post-war goals for a new world.
1947 Pakistan achieved independence from Britain.
1967 The Marine Broadcasting Offences Act became law, banning offshore 'pirate' radio stations from broadcasting.
1969 British troops arrived in Northern Ireland in what was planned to be a short-lived, 'limited operation'. They stayed there for the next thirty-eight years.