The Form of Apology and Satisfaction of 1604 was a document drawn up by a House of Commons committee protesting against James I's handling of recent political issues. It was never passed by the whole House, and it is not known whether James ever received it.
Fact of the Day
Before a naval battle with England in 1545, French king Francis I held a farewell dinner on his flagship, which shortly afterwards sank having caught fire when her guns went off by themselves.
Quote of the Day
"A desperate disease requires a dangerous remedy. "
~ Guy Fawkes
On This Day
1381 The Peasants' Revolt began as people protested against the third poll tax in as many years. In the following weeks, rebels from all walks of life marched on London, where they were joined by the Londoners in righting the perceived wrongs, imprisoning and executing those they considered traitors, and burning important documents and buildings.
1431 French war heroine Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake for heresy and cross-dressing, aged 19, on the orders of an English-dominated jury. After she died, the English re-burnt her body twice to ensure nothing remained that could be collected as a relic.
1536 Less than a fortnight after the execution of his second wife, Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII married his third wife, Jane Seymour.
1744 English poet and translator of Homer, Alexander Pope, died at his home in Twickenham aged 56.
1778 French philosopher Voltaire, who was famous for his attacks on the Catholic Church and his defence of religious and political freedom, died aged 83. He was denied a Christian burial, although friends and family managed to bury him secretly at the Abbey of Scellières, Champagne.
1842 John Francis attempted to assassinate Queen Victoria for a second time as she and Albert travelled down Constitution Hill in a carriage. He was arrested, tried for treason, and sentenced to death. However, his sentence was commuted to banishment on the insistence of Victoria.
1929 The Labour Party under Ramsay MacDonald won the 'Flapper' general election (so called because it was the first general election in which women aged over 21 could vote), but with no overall majority.