Originally a late-twelfth or early-thirteenth-century fortress in Paris, it became the main residence of the French kings in 1546. After Louis XIV moved his main residence to Versailles, it became a place to store the royal collection and later home to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. The French National Assembly decreed it should become a museum and it opened in 1793. It is now the world's largest art museum.
Fact of the Day
A wealthy early modern London merchant asked his agent to send him '2 or 3 apes' from Africa, but didn't write the 'r'. The order was interpreted as 203 apes, the first cargo of 80 of which arrived with the promise of more to come.
Quote of the Day
"Water knee deep and up to the waist in places. Rumours of being relieved by the Grand Fleet. "
~ British First World War soldier writing about the trenches in his diary
On This Day
1492 Columbus 'discovered' Cuba.
1647 The Putney Debates began on how Britain should be governed
1664 The Royal Marines was founded as the Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, with a strength of 1200 infantry
1922 The Italian king gave power to Mussolini after 30,000 blackshirts gathered in Rome, thus establishing the first fascist government.