Clerks or scribes (i.e. people who could read and write and used those skills in an official capacity, such as writing letters or legal documents).
Fact of the Day
Peter, one of William II's chaplains, reputedly got pregnant...
Quote of the Day
"What recreation tooke I? How lawfull was it? ... Was it not affected with too much delight? "
~ Questions from the seventeenth-century puritan guidebook for women, 'A Fountaine of Tears'
On This Day
1040 Duncan I of Scotland was killed by Macbeth (or Macbeth's men) near Elgin.
1941 The Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt, stating their post-war goals for a new world.
1947 Pakistan achieved independence from Britain.
1967 The Marine Broadcasting Offences Act became law, banning offshore 'pirate' radio stations from broadcasting.
1969 British troops arrived in Northern Ireland in what was planned to be a short-lived, 'limited operation'. They stayed there for the next thirty-eight years.