Clerks or scribes (i.e. people who could read and write and used those skills in an official capacity, such as writing letters or legal documents).
Fact of the Day
Accounts from 1350 reveal that it cost 6d a day to keep a lion in the menagerie at the Tower of London, but to keep a prisoner cost only 1d.
Quote of the Day
"I fear the Greeks, even those bearing gifts. "
On This Day
1016 Cnut defeated Edmund Ironside at the Battle of Assandun, forcing Edmund to make a peace with the invading Danes: he got to keep Wessex, but the rest of England came under Danish rule. A month later, he had died of 'natural causes' so Wessex, too, went to Cnut.
1216 King John died of dysentery. He was succeeded by his nine year old son, Henry III.
1867 The US officially took possession of Alaska. It wasn't a popular decision at the time.
1922 The BBC was founded.