The social rung below the nobility, but including those who were landed and entitled to a coat of arms, and who could sit in the House of Commons. It typically included the locally powerful, such as knights and other important people in towns and the counties.
Fact of the Day
In Normandy in 1386 a pig, dressed in human clothes, was executed for the murder of an infant.
Quote of the Day
"The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. "
~ Friedrich Engels
On This Day
1704 Combined British, German & Dutch forces won the Battle of Blenheim, marking a turning point in the War of the Spanish Succession.
1910 Nurse and statistician Florence Nightingale died peacefully in her bed in Mayfair, London, aged 90.
1946 H.G. Wells, one of the 'fathers of science fiction', died of unspecified causes, aged 79.
1961 In an effort to stop people fleeing to the West, the East German government closed the borders between East and West Berlin, which led to the building of the Berlin Wall.
1964 Gwynne Evans and Peter Allen, who had killed their friend for his money, became the last criminals in the UK to be hanged.