A ruler with total power over a country.
Fact of the Day
In the 1330s a number of English knights went to war with France with eye patches covering an eye, having made a chivalrous pledge to their ladies that they wouldn't open one of their eyes until victory was achieved. Most of them died as a result.
Quote of the Day
"I have taken great care not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them. "
~ Baruch Spinoza
On This Day
63 BCE Augustus, first emperor of Rome was born.
1459 The first major battle of the War of the Roses happened at Blore Heath in Staffordshire. Outnumbered 2-1 the Yorkists still won.
1846 German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle discovered the planet Neptune.
1875 Billy the Kid was arrested for the first time. He escaped and went on to roam the west, killing 21 people.