Academic qualifications given to children aged eighteen after completing two years of further, non-compulsory education.
Fact of the Day
The name 'Gibraltar' comes from the Arabic for 'Tariq's Mountain' ('Jabal Tariq') after the general who led the invasion of Spain.
Quote of the Day
"Truly, when the day of judgement comes, it will not be a question of what we have read, but what we have done. "
~ Thomas à Kempis, 15th century
On This Day
1189 Henry II died, having just signed a peace treaty with his son Richard and finding out his other son, John, had betrayed him. The servants responsible for tending to him looted his body and left him to be found by his small retinue.
1483 Richard III was crowned king of England, having declared his nephews illegitimate.
1535 Thomas More was executed for treason on the orders of Henry VIII after refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy.
1553 Edward VI died, passing the crown to Lady Jane Grey instead of his half sisters, Mary and Elizabeth.
1685 The final battle of the Monmouth Rebellion, the Battle of Sedgemoor, was fought near Bridgwater, Somerset.
1892 Britain's first non-white MP, Dadabhai Naoraji, was elected for the Liberal Party as member for Finsbury Central.